Comparative Law entails the study of the similarities and differences between various laws of the world. It specifically involves the study of the differences in the legal systems across the globe. These systems are inclusive of the common law, the socialist law, the civil law, Canon law, Islamic law, Jewish law, Chinese law and the Hindu law. The comparative law includes the analysis as well as the description of foreign legal systems, inclusive of cases where no explicit comparison is made. Comparative law has become enormously significant in the modern world of globalization, internationalism and democratization.
Sujit Choudhry is a globally distinguished individual on comparative constitutional law. He combines vast-ranged research with a comprehensive field experience as an advisor to constitution building processes. Among the countries that he has offered advisory services include Jordan, Libya, Nepal, Egypt, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Ukraine and Tunisia. Sujit Choudhry’s research focuses on addressing issues such as constitutional design as an instrument for managing the transition from brutal conflicts or regimes to democratic and peaceful politics in ethnically divided societies. They are also known to address decentralization and secession, federalism, constitutional Courts, semi-presidentialism, minority and group rights, official language policy, bills of right and proportionality, constitution building, basic methodological questions in the study of comparative constitutional law as well as security sector oversight.
Sujit has also published numerous articles, reports, working papers and book chapters.
His edited collections are inclusive of The Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Cambridge, 2006), The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution (Oxford, 2016), Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation? (Oxford, 2008), and also Constitution Making (Edward Elgar, forthcoming). Choudhry also serves the ICONS (International Society of Public Law) as a member of the executive committee. He is also on the Board of Editors in the ICON (International Journal of Constitutional Law) and the editorial board of the Constitutional Court Review too.
Professor Sujit Choudhry is a Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. This is an organization that mobilizes and generates information to support constitutional building through assembling as well as leading to an international network of professional to finish thematic research projects that provide policy options to practitioners based on tangible evidence. Currently, Choudhry is a co-leader in three global collaborative research projects. These projects are inclusive of Dealing with Territorial Cleavages in Constitutional Transitions, Security Sector Oversight: Protecting Democratic Consolidation from Authoritarian Backsliding and Partisan Abuse, and Constitutional Transitions in Emerging democracies. Choudhry has also been the Cecelia Goetz Professor of Law at NYU School of Law.